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Research Article 

A Qualitative Study of Transgender Women and Cisgender Men Living Together in Two Recovery Homes

Christopher Beasley, Sarah Callahan, Emily Stecker, Michael Dekhtyar, Charmaine Yang-Atian, Frank Ponziano, Brandon Isler and Leonard A Jason

Abstract

Oxford Houses (OH) are a peer-run sober living homes that are the largest network of recovery homes with over 2,000 in the US. They are self-run without any professional staff. The current study focused on better understanding the facilitators and barriers to OH entry for transgender individuals.

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Review Article 

Therapeutic Effects of Plant-Extract Synthesized Gold Nanoparticles against Alcohol-Induced Inflammatory Activity - A Proof of Concept

Singh AK

Abstract

The present study describes potential beneficial and adverse effects of plant-extract synthesized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on ethanol toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. Although Kudzu root extract (K), edible-gum extract (G), alone or in combination (KG),

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Review Article 

Critical Review of Alcohol, Alcoholism and the Withdrawal Symptoms-III. An Introduction to Nanoparticles and their Applications in Alcoholism Treatment

Ashok K Singh

Abstract

Alcoholism is a complex heterogeneous disease with many contributing factors that may vary from person to person, and are known to have a major impact on treatment outcome. Thus, a single treatment strategy may not work for everyone, stressing an urgent need to develop personalized treatments based on the person's genetic and environmental factors.

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Review Article 

UV Tanning in the United States: A Multi Factorial Addiction?

Nicole S Stefanko and Robert P Dellavalle

Abstract

Despite widespread knowledge that tanning increases the risk of skin cancer, UV tanning remains a prevalent behavior in the United States, especially among young females. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, and UV tanning is the most preventable cause of skin cancer.

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Review Article 

Critical Review of Alcohol, Alcoholism and the Withdrawal Symptoms. II. Treatment Strategies

Singh Ashok K

Abstract

Alcoholic beverages, socially accepted drinks around the world, are consumed (legally by adults and illegally by minors) to socialize, celebrate, and relax. However, persistent drinking results in the development of tolerance that necessitates a perpetual increase in alcohol drinking to achieve desired effects.

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Review Article 

Critical Review of Alcohol, Alcoholism and the Withdrawal Symptoms I. Mechanisms of Addiction and Withdrawal Syndrome

Singh Ashok K

Abstract

Alcoholic beverages are socially accepted drinks, expected to bring pleasure, satisfaction, and relief from stress. In general, most people drink alcohol responsibly, but, continued drinking may serves as a prelude to alcohol abuse and an escape route for social, personal or career pressures.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE 

Direct Action and Drug-Related Harm: Affinity-Based Tactics in the Founding and Development of the North American Harm Reduction Movement

Christopher BR Smith

Abstract

This article asserts that anarchist-inspired direct action tactics have played a fundamental role in the development of interventions ostensibly intended to reduce drug-related harm. Drawing from observations collected during the author's participant-observation-based ethnographic fieldwork endeavors in Canada and the U.S., the article interrogates several aspects of harm reduction philosophy and practice, including (1) The establishment of needle and syringe programs, (2) The development of autonomous local, national and international organizations by and for people who use illicit drugs, and (3) Direct drug/service user involvement in harm reduction policies and programs.

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