Archives Page


LETTER TO THE EDITOR 

Editorial on Advances in Biological Viruses

Manu Mitra

Abstract

Viruses is a very tiny and microscopic organism that exists almost everywhere on earth. It can infect all type of life forms from humans, animals, plants, fungi and even bacteria. It is not necessary that all viruses are harmful. The fact of virus is that they cannot replicate without a host cell and there is no cure for virus but vaccination can prevent them from spreading.

 PDF  |   Full Text
Review Article 

Bacterial Biofilm and its Clinical Implications

Mohammad Reza Shakibaie

Abstract

Microbial biofilm created huge burden in treatment of both community and hospital infections. A biofilm is complex communities of bacteria attached to a surface or interface enclosed in an exopolysaccharide matrix and protected from unfavorable conditions such as presence of antibiotics, host defense or oxidative stresses. Biofilms are often considered hot spot for horizontal gene transfer among same or different bacterial species.

 PDF  |   Full Text
Review Article 

Emerging and Reemerging Human Viral Diseases

Dabbu Kumar Jaijyan, Jian Liu, Rong Hai and Hua Zhu

Abstract

The pathogens including viruses, parasites and other microbes, are known to emerge and evolve since thousands of the years ago. Viruses are potent infectious agents causing numerous life-threatening diseases in human beings and co-evolved with human evolution. Emerging viruses, especially the RNA viruses are more pathogenic because there is no herd immunity for most humans.

 PDF  |   Full Text
Review Article 

Antibiotic Resistance: An Important Issue for Public Health Safety

Micheal Savage, Elaine Meade, Mark Anthony Slattery and Mary Garvey

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance has emerged as one of the greatest difficulties facing drug therapy in recent years. Initially, the mass production and therapeutic use of antibiotic agents lead to a reduced rate of morbidity and mortality globally.

 PDF  |   Full Text
Research Article 

Effects of Pasteurization and High Pressure Treatments on Two Bacteriophages (Φ Apr-1 and Φ Apr-2) Active against Lactococcus Lactis from Buffalo Milk

Giuseppe Aprea, Roberta D' Aurelio, Elaine Black, Gabriella Lucibelli, Federica Corrado, Nicoletta Murru, Nicola D' Alterio, Francesco Pomilio and Giacomo Migliorati

Abstract

Water buffalo mozzarella is a worldwide highly valued Italian stretched-curd cheese, produced with "wild" starter cultures with bacteriophage contaminations of raw milk still being a major cause of fermentation failure during cheese making.

 PDF  |   Full Text
Research Article 

Enhanced Production of Fibrinolytic Protease from Microalgae Chlorella Vulgaris using Glycerol and Corn Steep Liquor as Nutrient

Pablo Eugenio da Costa e Silva, Fabiana America Silva Dantas de Souza, Rafaela Cavalcante de Barros, Daniela Araujo Viana Marques, Ana Lucia Figueiredo Porto and Raquel Pedrosa Bezerra

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide and may be caused by the accumulation of fibrin in the blood vessels. Microbial fibrinolytic enzymes have attracted much more attention than typical thrombolytic agents because of the expensive prices and the side effects.

 PDF  |   Full Text
Research Article 

Modelling the Amounts of Carbon Dioxide in the Headspace to Assess the Coliforms of Mozzarella Cheese

Barbara Speranza, Milena Sinigaglia, Daniela Campaniello, Maria Rosaria Corbo and Antonio Bevilacqua

Abstract

This article proposes an approach based on the evaluation of CO2 in the headspace produced by coliforms to assess their viable count in mozzarella cheese, packaged in diluted salt solution with and without lysozyme and Na2-EDTA.

 PDF  |   Full Text
Case Report 

Wriggling Infestation: Myiasis Sepsis by Myroides Odoratus

Juan F Martin Lazaro, Priyank Patel, Kriti Singh, Desmond Hsu and Simon Tiberi

Abstract

Maggot therapy is a recognized treatment modality of acute and chronic wounds that should be applied by specialist healthcare professionals. Complications if this treatment is uncontrolled can have a fatal result, as we report in this 80-years-old Asian man that presented to our Accident & Emergency with signs of severe septic shock

 PDF  |   Full Text