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Questionnaire Validation 

Validation of the Portuguese Version of Hyperacusis Questionnaire and Comparison of Diagnostic Skills with Loudness Discomfort Levels

Sandra Bastos and Tanit Ganz Sanchez

Abstract

Hyperacusis is a condition entailing increased sensitivity or unusual intolerance to ordinary environmental sounds that would not usually be bothersome, threatening or uncomfortably loud to most individuals.

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Review Article 

Neuromodulation on Tinnitus Perception and Distress

Sandra Bastos and Tanit Ganz Sanchez

Abstract

Tinnitus is defined as a cortical phantom sound perception in the absence of an appropriate external stimulus. It has an estimated prevalence of 10% to 15% in the adult population and about 20% of them are distressed by it and even find the disorder life-changing.

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Case Report 

Unusual Nasal Foreign Body in a Cleft Palate Children: A Case Report

Gilberto Eduardo Marrugo Pardo, Carlos Julian Adarme Gomez, Juan Sebastian Parra Charris and Luis Felipe Romero Moreno

Abstract

Nasal foreign bodies are frequent in children; nevertheless those who include palate and nasal cavity are rare. We present an unusual foreign body that affects the nose and hard palate, in patient with a partially corrected oronasal fistulae in a cleft palate syndrome.

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CLINICAL IMAGE 

Clinical Image: Olfactory Bulb and Tract Aplasia/Hypoplasia on MRI

Prasanth Pattisapu and Elton M Lambert

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly ordered in the workup of the anosmic patient. Anosmia is associated with relatively reduced olfactory bulb and tract (OBT) volumes on MRI in a variety of clinical settings, but congenitally anosmic patients will characteristically have olfactory nerve aplasia or hypoplasia.

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RETROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY 

Results of the Conservative Surgery for Laryngeal Cancer

Felipe Guilherme da Silva Souza, José Luiz Ortiz Bogado, and Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis

Abstract

The techniques of partial laryngectomy are based on the compartimentalization of the larynx and their aims are to provide the oncologically radical excision and to preserve the laryngeal function.

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CASE REPORT 

Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type with Thrombocytopenia

Masafumi Ohki , Shigeru Kikuchi, Atsushi Ohata, Tsukasa Sugiki, Yuka Kitano and Masato Yamada

Abstract

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) is a highly malignant and aggressive lymphoma. A 48-year-old woman with nasal obstruction, facial swelling, fever, and headache was found to have nasal tumor.

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CASE REPORT 

Myopericytoma of the Maxillofacial Region: A Report of Two Cases

Alexander Valasidis, Konstantinos Vahtsevanos, Athanassios Kyrgidis, Aggeliki Baliaka and Vasiliki Kaloutsi

Abstract

Myopericytoma (MPC) was accepted as a separate entity by the World Health Organization in 2002 and it describes a lesion which comprises of myoid-like oval to spindle-shaped cells with a concentric perivascular type of growth.

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Short Communication 

Risk of External Ear Canal Skin Injury by an Unsheathed Straight Drill and Safety of a Sheathed Curved Drill for Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery

Masafumi Ohki, Shigeru Kikuchi and Sunao Tanaka

Abstract

Ear surgery has commonly been performed under microscopy. The microscopic surgical view angle is straight; therefore, many important structures and spaces are hidden behind obstacles. However, endoscopy has a wide view angle, which enables surgeons to observe the previously hidden sides of the ear. Endoscopy was first used for observation of the middle ear by Mer, et al. in 1967.

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Original Research 

Treatment and Prevention of Severe Primary Postoperative Hemorrhage in Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome Surgery

Renyi Hei, Jie Qin, Jimin Bao, Dahai Wu and Shuhua Li

Abstract

A total of 1505 patients with OSAHS underwent surgical treatments. Based on the time periods, the patients were divided into three consecutive phases. Patients from the first phase to the third phase received few to most types of intervention. SPPH therapeutic experience was summarized and SPPH incidence rates were compared among the three phases. SPPH incidence rates with mono-level or multi-level surgeries were also compared.

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Case Report 

Oral, Pharyngeal and Laryngeal Lesions in Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid and Usefulness of Narrow Band Imaging

Masafumi Ohki, Shigeru Kikuchi, Atsushi Ohata, Tsukasa Sugiki, Yuka Kitano and Masato Yamada

Abstract

Mucous membrane pemphigoid is a relatively rare disorder involving mucosal lesions. Here, we report two cases of mucous membrane pemphigoid. This report is the first to discuss narrow band imaging of the mucosal features of mucous membrane pemphigoid. The two patients presented with sore throat and multiple stomatitis. Optic fiberscopy revealed mucosal lesions on the gingiva, palate, epiglottis, and arytenoid.

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Case Report 

Resistant Posterior Semicircular Canal BPPV with Changing Oculomotor Pattern Solved with Mastoid Vibration Application

Mario Faralli, Ruggero Lapenna, Valeria Gambacorta, Giampietro Ricci and Luca D'Ascanio

Abstract

The use of mastoid vibration in addition to repositioning maneuvers for the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior semicircular canal (PSC-BPPV) was described for the first time by Epley. There is evidence in the literature that the additional use of mastoid vibration could provide a substantial advantage also in the treatment of the apogeotropic variant of BPPV of the horizontal semicircular canal (HSC-BPPV).

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