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Research Article 

Risk Factors for Mortality in Low Birth Weight Infants at Harare Hospital (Maternity Unit), Zimbabwe

Loyce T Zvenyika - Hlatywayo, Chimhuya S, Gumbo FZ, Nyandoro G and Kambarami R

Abstract

Research evidence highlights that in low income countries half the infants born before 32 weeks gestation continue to die. More than 75% preterm infant deaths can be prevented without ICU care as these infants die from preventable causes such as hypothermia and hypoglycemia. According to WHO estimates, Zimbabwe is one of the 11 countries with a high preterm birth rate of over 15%.

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Review Article 

Depressed Nasal Bridge in Pediatric Orthopaedic Practice: A Review

N K Sferopoulos

Abstract

Depressions of the nasal bridge may be localized on the bone, cartilage or both. The latter are the most severe cases constituting the saddle-nose deformity, which may lead to various serious functional consequences.

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Case Series 

Congenital Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria: A Report of Three Cases

Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Bettina Schlemmer, Martin Hongieh Abanda and Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac

Abstract

Congenital Malaria is a life threatening infection of neonates occurring as a vertical transmission of malaria during pregnancy or at birth. Recent studies report a high burden of congenital malaria in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Case Report 

What's Your Diagnosis? A 7-Year-Old Boy with a White Hair Patch on the Head for Three Months

Ahdi Amer and Watcharoot Kanchongkittiphon

Abstract

Tinea capitis is one of the most common dermatophyte infections in children, particularly among African American children. It can manifest with a variety of clinical presentations ranging from the subtle seborrheic dermatitis subtype to the more severe kerion pattern, with boggy and tender lesions.

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Review Article 

Use Overview of Pediatric "Dental-Voucher" in Portugal

Tammy Messias Takara, Isabel Almeida, Magda Reis, Carlos Valente and Manuel Castro

Abstract

Oral diseases are common, multifactorial diseases with great impact in general health and quality of life. More than 3.9 billion people worldwide are affected by this situation. The two most common oral diseases are dental cavities and periodontal disease.

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Research Article 

Qualitative Analysis of Interpersonal Oral Health Communication between Providers and Caregivers in the Medical Home: A Pilot Study

Melani B Decker, Rocio B Quinonez, R Gary Rozier, Paul Mihas, Rebecca Wilder and Michael J Steiner

Abstract

Using qualitative analysis, 15 transcripts of caregiver-provider interactions collected in 2008 were assessed during visits for 0-42 month old children. Preventive messages by five providers participating in a Medicaid preventive oral health initiative in North Carolina were evaluated.

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Case Report 

Successful Treatment of Neonatal Extreme Breastfeeding-Associated Hypernatremia

Itai Gross, Yael Siedner Weintraub, Amir Zilkha and Jacques Braun

Abstract

Exclusive breastfeeding is a leading cause of hypernatremia and dehydration. We describe successful treatment in a case of extreme breastfeeding hypernatremia in a neonate, presenting with serum sodium up to 232 mmol/L, acute renal failure and a rare complication of sinus vein thrombosis.

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