Annals of Cognitive Science

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Review Article 

The Use of Eye-Tracking in the Investigation of Prelinguistic Infants: A Review

Jennifer R Francois, Kathy L Coufal and Barbara S Chaparro

Abstract

Advances in technology have yielded new techniques for investigating phenomena in the area of early childhood developmental science. Electronic eye-tracking allows for a more detailed and objective way to measure infant attention as compared to traditional methods, such as the Preferential Looking Paradigm.

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Review Article 

An Integrated Cognitive Perspective of Travel Motivation and Repeated Travel Behaviour

Betsy Ng and Gloria Ho

Abstract

The present paper offers an integrated conceptual approach to the process model of travel motivation. It is important to understand why individuals are motivated to travel and how travel experiences benefit them. The proposed framework also hopes to understand travel constraints and perceived travel risks as their perceptions will influence repeated travel behaviour.

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Review Article 

Retrieval Induced Forgetting and Enhancement in Tertiary Law Examinations: Are Law Students Unique?

Mary-Ellen Buckley and Ewald Neumann

Abstract

An important facet of human cognition is the ability to retrieve information accurately and in sufficient detail across a wide variety of domains. This is particularly relevant in the domain of school examinations. It has been well established that successful retrieval of momentarily wanted information depends to some extent on the inhibition of unwanted, competing information.

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Review Article 

An Integrated Brain Function

Goro C Kato and Kazuo Nishimura

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide sheaf theoretic formulations of the functions of a brain based on the theory of temporal topos, which is often abbreviated as t-topos) as developed in Kato. Our methods come from T-topos theory, which has been studied for the purpose of quantum gravity treating the concept of gravity in microcosm by capturing the associated sheaf with space-time.

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Review Article 

Variability: External Data, Internal Apprehension, or a Balance between Them? A Mathematical Argument and Some Upshots

Eric Brian

Abstract

This paper addresses how one apprehends variability. Statistics does provide estimators like variance and standard error. After a recall of usual formulae, the already known partial variance is set as a strict axiomatic extension.

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Case Report 

Description of a Tumefactive Demyelinating Lesion Studied with Advanced Magnetic Resonance Techniques: A Clinical Report and Review of Literature

Marta De Simone, Barbara Brogna, Daniele Litterio Spitaleri, Giulio Cicarelli, Roberta Fantozzi and Bruno Guida

Abstract

Tumefactive Demyelinating Lesions (TDL) is atypical presentation of various demyelinating diseases like Multiple Sclerosis (MS). They can mimic brain tumors in their clinical and radiological features and usually respond favorably to corticosteroid therapy.

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SHORT COMMENTARY 

How the Psychological Benefits Associated with Exposure to Nature Can Affect Pro-Environmental Behavior

Rita Berto and Giuseppe Barbiero

Abstract

Literature is not clear about how people become aware of the benefits associated with exposure to Naturea in aiding restoration from mental fatigue, and whether the restoration process can affect pro-environmental behaviour.

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REVIEW ARTICLE 

Clinical Decision Support Systems for Child Neuropsychiatric Disorders: The Time has Come?

Roman Koposov, Thomas Frodl, Oystein Nytro, Bennett Leventhal, Andre Sourander, Silvana Quaglini, Massimo Molteni, María de la Iglesia Vayá, Hans Ulrich Prokosch, Nicola Barbarini, Michael Peter Milham, Francisco Xavier Castellanos and Norbert Skokauskas

Abstract

We currently have the capacity to develop innovative, effective and efficient clinical decision support models, while also creating the opportunities for rapidly incorporating multi-scale, multi-level data as they become available in the very near future.

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Review Article 

Tinnitus as a Fragment of Consciousness

Edward J Tehovnik

Abstract

Subjective, chronic tinnitus that is tonal is a human condition that results in the perception of a continuous sound of a particular frequency, in the absence of that sound, by activation of deafferented portions of the auditory cortex. During ongoing behavior, the brain assumes various states as exemplified by the neural activity at the level of the neocortex and hippocampal formation.

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Review Article 

Mindfulness and Taijiquan

Marcus A Henning, Christian U Krageloh and Craig Webster

Abstract

The practice of mindfulness as a meditation process has become highly topical with numerous reported links to benefits for physical and psychological wellbeing. In this commentary paper, we begin by defining the term mindfulness. Second, we provide an overview of how the practice of mindfulness has been used in the therapeutic sense.

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