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Research Article Volume 3 Issue 1
Abstract: The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is part of the routine management and readily detects impaired insulin secretion in the majority of adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). To assess an activity of endogeneous insulin on adipose tissue in these patients, we analyzed serum levels of insulin and free fatty acids (FFA) in response to oral glucose since glucose-induced insulin decreases FFA and thus, suppression of FFA reflects an insulin effect on adipose tissue.
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Case Report Volume 2 Issue 1
Abstract: SGLT2 inhibitors (SGLT2Is) lower blood glucose through inhibition of glucose reabsorption in the proximal renal tubules via an insulin independent mechanism. They have a low risk of hypoglycaemia with additional benefits including weight loss, blood pressure reduction and cardiovascular protection . Euglycaemic diabetic ketoacidosis (euDKA) is a rare complication of SGLT2Is observed in patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and can be easily overlooked by medical care providers because of the absence of marked hyperglycaemia.
Review Article Volume 1 Issue 1
Abstract: The International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) estimates that 415 million of the 7 billion global inhabitants have diabetes and this number is estimated to surge to 642 million by 2040.
Abstract: Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs), together with its receptor (RAGE) are known to play a predominant role in the onset of diabetic micro- and macrovascular diseases.
Brief Report Volume 1 Issue 1
Abstract: Berardinelli-Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by a generalized lack of adipose tissue, evolving with diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and hepatic steatosis.
Research Article Volume 1 Issue 1
Abstract: Rigorous glycemic control is essential to prevent the development of diabetes and onset of diabetic complications. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ activator pioglitazone is an anti-diabetic drug that exhibits glucose-lowering effects by enhancing insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissues.
CASE REPORT Volume 1 Issue 1
Abstract: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common disorders among adults over age 65. Both humoral and cellular immune responses are negatively affected by diabetes. Therefore infections such as influenza occur commonly with serious consequences in older individuals with T2DM. On the other hand aging is associated with changes in the immune system which result in disorders like T2DM and cardiovascular diseases.
RESEARCH ARTICLE Volume 1 Issue 1
Abstract: During pregnancy, polyunsaturated fatty acids are essential for fetal development. The fetus is unable to synthesize them and they have to come from the mother. Fish oil supplements (rich in docosahexaenoic acid) are often recommended during the perinatal stage and may contribute to programming future events.