Research Article Pages 61-70
Authors: Cherh Yih Mak, Jih-Gaw Lin and Mohammed JK Bashir
Abstract: The application of Anammox process in treating nitrogen rich wastewater had been more preferable since the discovery of Anammox process and Anammox bacteria at 1999 due to the advantages of energy saving and cost reduction compared to the conventional nitrification/denitrificationi process. However, often nitrogen-laden wastewater such as metal refinary wastewater, swine, industrial wastewater, and landfill leachate contain various concentrations of heavy metal ions such as Cadmium, Copper, Lead, Mercury, Nickel, Zinc, Silver and Ferrous iron.
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